What is a revocation hearing?
A hearing held for parolees who committed a criminal act while on parole or while delinquent on parole and are convicted or found guilty by a judge or jury, OR the parolee pleads guilty or no contest in a court of record of a crime punishable by imprisonment. Hearings are required by the U.S. Constitution and the Parole Board’s regulations.
Why is this hearing held?
This hearing is required to be held pursuant to the United States Constitution and the Board’s regulations, which provide that a parolee is entitled to due process before they can be recommitted as a parole violator.
When are these hearings held?
This hearing is held either within 120 days from the date the Parole Board receives verification of the plea of guilty, no contest plea or guilty verdict at the highest trial court level or within 120 days of the date the Board receives official verification of the parolee’s return to a state correctional institution depending on the circumstances. The 120-day “clock” for official verification begins when the Parole Board receives the paperwork that verifies an individual was convicted – NOT when the individual goes back to prison on the violation. A parolee may waive this hearing.
FICTIONAL EXAMPLE: John returned to an SCI on 01.02.2020 and is sent out on writ (formal written document used to elicit a hearing by the court) to the county prison on 01.30.2020. John is convicted of Robbery (F1) on 01.31.2020 and returned to the SCI on 01.31.2020. The supervising agent learns of the conviction on 02.07.2020 but does not receive paperwork attesting to the conviction from the court until 02.12.2020. Based on these facts, the Parole Board has 120 days from the date the agent received the paperwork attesting to the conviction to conduct the revocation hearing (i.e. 06.11.2020). If the 120th day falls on a legal holiday or a weekend, the last day to hold the hearing is the next business day.
Please note: This is a general rule. Some limited exceptions may change this timeframe.
Who makes the decision in this type of hearing?
The hearings can be presided over by a Hearing Examiner alone or a panel consisting of a Hearing Examiner and a Board Member. Decisions are made in panels of two persons. If there is a disagreement on the final decision by the revocation panel, the matter is decided by Board Members appointed by the Chairman or the Chairman’s designee with two of the Board Members not on the original hearing panel.
What is the burden of proof?
Preponderance of the evidence
Does the individual have legal rights at this hearing?
At each type of hearing, individuals are given their rights verbally and in writing. Individuals have the right to:
• Disclosure of evidence in support of the violations charged against them.
• Speak, have voluntary witnesses appear on their behalf and present affidavits and other evidence.
• Cross-examine adverse witnesses.
• Be represented by counsel. If an individual cannot afford counsel, they may request counsel from the public defender of the county in which they are incarcerated. There is no penalty for requesting counsel.
• Request a continuance of the hearing for a good cause.
What happens after the hearing is held?
One of following decisions will be reached:
(1) preponderance established – continue on parole
(2) preponderance established – recommit or
(3) preponderance not established – continue on parole.
Definitions: CCC: Community Corrections Center | CCF: Community Corrections Facility | CCJ: Contracted County Jail | PVC: Parole Violator Center | PV: Parole Violator | SCI: State Correctional Institution
Continuing on parole after second level hearings means the decision maker did not find a preponderance of the evidence to conclude the parolee violated parole or the circumstances did not warrant revoking parole. Additionally, the decision maker has the option to continue on parole, but may add additional parole supervision requirements.
If recommitted, a parolee will be placed in an SCI.
Convicted parole violators will be returned to an SCI and will stay there until they are granted parole. The Parole Board can recommit a CPV to serve the balance of his or her original sentence with no credit for time at liberty on parole. The Parole Board has discretion in determining whether to award credit for the time spent at liberty on parole to parolee’s convicted of certain crimes.
Continuing on parole after a second level hearing means either the decision makers did not find enough evidence to suggest the parolee violated parole OR it could mean there was enough evidence to recommit the parolee to prison, but the decision makers determined the parolee could be safely returned to the street with additional sanctions.
If a parolee waives his/her hearing rights, the Parole Board will examine the facts of the case and make a decision based on the waiver, admission and any reports or evidence that are made available. The Parole Board will then make a decision on whether recommitment is warranted based on that information and issue one or more Parole Board actions reflecting that decision.
How long does it take to reach a decision?
Unfortunately, an exact date or time when a Board Action will be finalized and given to the inmate is difficult to calculate because of multiple factors. Recommitment Board Actions (following parole violation hearings) generally take several weeks from the hearing or waiver date; however, depending upon the type of case, the final decision may take up to 12 weeks to process.
What does the date listed in the Board Action mean?
In the Board Action, a line in the document will state: NOT ELIGIBLE FOR REPAROLE UNTIL [a date listed by mm/dd/yyyy]. This date is NOT the date when the inmate is being released on reparole. It is the date when the recommitment term imposed by the Parole Board in the prior Board Action ends. The Parole Board may review the inmate again on or after that date, but it does not create any right to be released on that date. After the review by the decision makers, another Board Action must be generated that will either grant or deny parole to the inmate.
How is the decision given to the inmate?
The Parole Board will send notice of its determination to the inmate directly and to the attorney who represented the inmate at the hearing. All decisions are mailed to the inmate or attorney through the U.S. mail system. Because the mail must go through the Department of Corrections’ mail screening process, this will add extra time to the inmate’s receipt of the decision. According to policy, the inmate must receive a copy of the final Board Action first before it can be released to the general public, even if those requesting a copy are family or friends. The inmate has 30 days from the mailing date of the Parole Board’s order to appeal this decision to the Parole Board.
Can the decision be appealed?
An incarcerated person or his/her attorney may appeal a revocation/recalculation decision. The inmate has 30 days from the mailing date of the Parole Board’s order to appeal this decision to the Parole Board. When a timely appeal of a revocation decision has been filed, the revocation decision will not be final for an appeal to a court until the Parole Board has mailed its decision on the appeal.
The scope of review of an appeal is limited to whether the decision is supported by substantial evidence, an error of law has been committed or these has been a violation of constitutional law.
The failure to file an appeal with brevity, accuracy, and clarity of what is essential to an adequate understanding of the factual and legal points requiring consideration will be a sufficient reason for denying the appeal.
Subsequent or second appeals that are not filed in a timely manner will not be received.
What is a petition for administrative review?
An inmate/parolee may petition for administrative review and they shall be received at the Parole Board’s Central office within 30 days of the mailing date of the Parole Board’s determination. The determination will not be deemed final for purposes of appeal to a court until the Parole Board has mailed its response to the petition for administrative review.
The failure to file a petition for administrative review with brevity, accuracy, and clarity of what is essential to an adequate understanding of the factual and legal points requiring consideration will be a sufficient reason for denying the appeal.
Subsequent or second petitions for administrative review that are not filed in a timely manner will not be received.
After which, pursuant to the Pennsylvania Rules of Appellate Procedure, a parolee can file a petition for review with the Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court within 30 days after the entry of a Parole Board order denying a petition for administrative review.1
1 42 Pa. C.S. § 763; Pa.R.A.P. 1512.